The Mystery of Israel in Ancient Egypt


Author: Louay Fatoohi; Shetha Al-Dargazelli

Subject: Comparative Religion 

Publication date: 11 Nov, 2008

Page count: 228

Dimensions: 229 x 152 mm

Few events in history have fascinated the layperson and the scholar as much as the exodus of the Israelites from ancient Egypt. This phenomenal interest has led to extensive research into the scriptural, historical, and archaeological sources. The Qur’an, however, has been completely ignored by Western researchers because of the faith put in the Biblical narrative and the prejudiced view that the Qur’an’s account is based on Jewish sources, including the Bible.

This book examines in detail the Biblical narrative of the exodus, concluding that it contains a substantial amount of historically inaccurate and false information. It also shows that the similarities between the Qur’anic exodus and its Biblical counterpart are very limited and the differences between the two scriptures are much greater in quantity and detail. Particularly significant is the fact that the Qur’an is free of the erroneous and inaccurate Old Testament statements that have contributed to the rejection of the historicity of the exodus by many scholars. The book demonstrates that the Qur’anic account is consistent with what we know today from archaeological finds and historical sources. This pioneering study is an attempt to create what might be called “Qur’anic archaeology.”

Detailed but easy to read, this book is intended for both the general reader and the expert. Informative and thought-provoking, this study is for those with an interest in the exodus in scripture, archaeological finds, and historical sources; comparative studies of the Qur’an and the Bible; and modern Qur’anic exegesis. No specialist knowledge is required to read the book.

This detailed analysis of the exodus of Israel from ancient Egypt in scriptural and historical sources includes:

  • The Israelites in ancient Egypt
  • The Qur’anic and Biblical accounts of the exodus
  • Historical problems in the Biblical narrative
  • The exodus in archaeological finds
  • The exodus in historical sources
  • Identifying the Pharaoh of the exodus



1 Joseph: The First Israelite in Egypt

2 Locating and Dating Israel’s Entry into Egypt

3 The Exodus in the Bible

4 The Exodus in the Qur’an

5 Biblical Dating of the Exodus

6 The Qur’anic Identification of Pharaoh

7 Who Was Hāmān?

8 Leaving Egypt

9 Post Exodus

10 Pharaonic Massacres

11 Scriptural Names of the Israelites

12 The Historical Exodus

Appendix A: The Qur’anic Verses on Moses

Appendix B: Egyptian Dynasties and Kingdoms


Index of Qur’anic Verses

Index of Biblical Passages

Index of Names and Subjects